Category: Summary

Summary – Abbottabad

Pakistanis: 1,430,238
Afghan refugees: 18,154
1.2%
Urban Afghan refugees: 17,895
(99%)
Unregistered Afghans (estimated): 2,000
Religious composition: Sunni 100%
Main areas of Origin: Logar, Kabul and Nangarhar in Afghanistan
Ethnicities of Afghans: Pashtun: 100%
Housing situation: All refugees live in rented pukka (mud) houses.
Additional Observations: Chhachi, Gujarii, Hindko, Majhi, Pahari, Pashto and Potohari, some of which are considered dialects of Punjabi and Urdu, are the predominant languages of the district.

The main tribes are Dhunds, Tanolis, Awans, Jadoons, Kashmiris, Shilmani, Sarrara (a section of the Dhund-Abbasi), Karlals, Qureshi, Mughals, Gujjars, Syed and Satti

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Summary – Haripur

Pakistanis: 803,000
Afghan refugees: 99,883
11%
Urban Afghan refugees: 30,964
(31%)
Unregistered Afghans (estimated): 7,000
Religious composition: Sunni 100%
Main areas of Origin: Logar, Kabul and Nangahar in Afghanistan
Ethnicities of Afghans: Pashtun: 90%
  Tajik: 5%
  Uzbek: 3%
  Turkmen: 2%
  Pashai: 1%
Housing situation: Majority living in rented pukka (mud) houses.
Additional Observations: Hindko, Pashto Pahari, Urdu and Gojri languages are spoken by refugees.

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Summary – Islamabad

Pakistanis: 805,235
Afghan refugees: 33,524
4%
Urban Afghan refugees: 33,524
(100%)
Unregistered Afghans (estimated): 1,100
Religious composition: Sunni 100%
Main areas of Origin: Bamyaan, Kabul, Logar, Jalalabad and Kandahar in Afghanistan
Ethnicities of Afghans: Pashtun: 80%
  Tajik: 10%
  Hazara: 10%
Housing situation: Afghans have low cost rented housing. The majority are living in slums/irregular settlements with limited facilities.
Additional Observations: There are considerably more refugee women and children as compared to men. The women and children tend to be in more vulnerable situations.

Most of the refugees speak Dari, Pashto and Persian languages as their first language. Most of them are also familiar with Urdu language.

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Summary – Karachi

Pakistanis: 10,467,602
Afghan refugees: 62,758
0.6%
Urban Afghan refugees: 62,758
(100%)
Unregistered Afghans (estimated): 48,700
Religious composition: Sunni 95%
  Shia 5%
Main areas of Origin: Kunduz, Farayab, Baghlan, Kabul, Ghazni, Kandahar, Mazhar Sharif, Bamiyan, Saripul, Farah and Takhar in Afghanistan
Ethnicities of Afghans: Pashtun: 85%
  Hazara: 5%
  Uzbek: 4%
  Tajik: 4%
  Turkmen: 2%
Housing situation: South and East Karachi (Korangi and Landi): Rented housing, typically constructed of cement

West, North and Central Karachi: Owned and rented housing in slums, typically constructed of cement
Additional Observations: Housing is conjested in the slum areas.

Government owned land is occupied by the inhabitants in UC-4 and UC-5 of district Malir.

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Summary – Kohat

Pakistanis (including 22,000 IDPs): 858,141
Afghan refugees: 65,494
7%
Urban Afghan refugees: 12,368
(19%)
Unregistered Afghans (estimated): 250
Religious composition: Sunni 99%
  Shia 1%
Main areas of Origin: Nangahar, Paktiya, Khost, Kuner, Laghman, Kabul and Logar in Afghanistan.
Ethnicities of Afghans: Pashtun: 99%
  Tajik: 1%
Housing situation: 95% of refugees live in rented houses while 5% live in free accomodation attached to agricultural or domestic employment.

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Summary – Lahore

Pakistanis: 6,318,745
Afghan refugees: 9,943
0.2%
Urban Afghan refugees: 9,754
(98%)
Unregistered Afghans (estimated): 1,000
Religious composition: Sunni 100%
Main areas of Origin: Kunduz, Baghlan, Kabul, Jalalabad, Archi, Ishq Mish and Mizar Sharif in Afghanistan.
Ethnicities of Afghans: Pashtun: 80%
  Tajik: 10%
  Uzbek: 5%
  Turkmen: 5%
Housing situation: Living in slum areas. Cheap rented places and self-constructed mud houses as well.
Additional Observations: See the map below which summarises the most common refugee locations.

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Summary – Mansehra

Pakistanis: 1,700,000
Afghan refugees: 57,462
3%
Urban Afghan refugees: 26,636
(46%)
Unregistered Afghans (estimated): 2,500
Religious composition: Sunni 100%
Main areas of Origin: Logar, Kabul, Nangrahar and Kunduz in Afghanistan
Ethnicities of Afghans: Pashtun: 100%
Housing situation: All live in rented pukka (mud) houses.
Additional Observations: Gujarati is the most common language in this district, followed by Pashto, Kohistani and Urdu.

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Summary – Nowshera

Pakistanis:
Based on a survey by the population welfare department KP in March 2007
1,201,784
Afghan refugees: 94,349
7%
Urban Afghan refugees: 25,919
(27%)
Unregistered Afghans (estimated): 34,500
Religious composition: Sunni 100%
Main areas of Origin: Baghlan, Logar, Kabul, Parwan, Jalalabad and Laghman in Afghanistan
Ethnicities of Afghans: Pashtun: 95%
  Tajik: 3%
  Hazara: 2%
Housing situation: 95% of refugees live in rented houses while 5% own houses.
Additional Observations: Significant seasonal cross border movement towards Afghanistan.

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Summary – Peshawar

Pakistanis: 1,048,621
Afghan refugees: 372,091
26%
Urban Afghan refugees: 269,583
(72%)
Unregistered Afghans (estimated): 250,000
Religious composition: Sunni 90%
  Shia 10%
Main areas of Origin: East, west, south, central & northern Afghanistan
Ethnicities of Afghans: Pashtun: 88%
  Tajik: 6%
  Turkmen: 1.2%
  Pashai: 1%
  Hazara: 0.6%
  Uzbek: 0.3%
  Others: 3.3%
Housing situation: Majority living in rented houses while a small number have leased lands and have constructed their own shelters.
Additional Observations: Frequent / seasonal cross border movement towards Afghanistan

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Summary – Quetta

Pakistanis: 1,967,902
Afghan refugees: 164,207
7.7%
Urban Afghan refugees: 155,623
(72%)
Unregistered Afghans (estimated): 250,000
Religious composition: Sunni 75%
  Shia 25%
Main areas of Origin: Kandhar: 27%
  Kunduz: 20%
  Balkh: 7%
  Baghlan: 5%
  Hilmand: 5%
  Ghazni: 5%
  Faryab: 4%
  Takhar: 4%
Ethnicities of Afghans: Pashtun: 58%
  Tajik: 12%
  Uzbek: 13%
  Hazara: 9%
  Others: 8%
Housing situation: Majority live in rented houses in Ghausabad, Qadiriabad, Phastoonbagh and Hazara Town. The land around these settlements belongs to local communities and the refugees typically pay monthly rent of around 500 to 1500 PKR (5 to 15 USD) per household.

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Summary – Rawalpindi

Pakistanis: 3,363,911
Afghan refugees: 33,791
1.0%
Urban Afghan refugees: 33,439
(99%)
Unregistered Afghans (estimated): 1,700
Religious composition: Sunni 100%
Main areas of Origin: Bamyaan, Kabul, Logar, Jalalabad and Kandahar in Afghanistan
Ethnicities of Afghans: Pashtun: 80%
  Tajik: 10%
  Hazara: 10%
Housing situation: Afghans have low cost rented housing. The majority are living in slums/irregular settlements with limited facilities.
Additional Observations: There are considerably more refugee women and children as compared to men. The women and children tend to be in more vulnerable situations.

Most of the refugees speak Dari, Pashto and Persian languages as their first language. Most of them are also familiar with Urdu language.

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Summary – Swabi

Pakistanis: 1,654,000
Afghan refugees: 52,820
3%
Urban Afghan refugees: 15,941
(30%)
Unregistered Afghans (estimated): 6,300
Religious composition: Sunni 100%
Main areas of Origin: Kunar, Nangarhar, Kabul, Logar, Paktya, Kunduz, Baghlan and Mazar in Afghanistan
Ethnicities of Afghans: Pashtun: 100%
Housing situation: All refugees live in rented houses.
Additional Observations: Frequent / seasonal cross border movement towards Afghanistan.

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